Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is caused by a tiny parasite called Trichomonas Vaginalis (TV).

How is it passed on?

Trichomoniasis is usually spread by having unprotected sex, although it could also be spread by sharing sex toys.

Symptoms

Symptoms usually develop within a month of infection, although up to half of all infected men and women have no symptoms.

Symptoms can include:

  • Soreness and itching around the vagina
  • A change in vaginal discharge.

Long term effects

If any STI is left untreated, including Trichomoniasis, this may make it easier for you to become infected with other STIs, including HIV.

Treatment

Trichomoniasis is unlikely to go away without treatment, but it can be effectively treated with antibiotics.

However, if your symptoms remain or recur after treatment, you may require further testing to see whether your symptoms are being caused by a different sexually transmitted infection.

Telling your partner

If you have Trichomoniasis, you should tell all of your current partners and any other recent partners (at least those within the last three months). They may have Trichomoniasis without knowing it, so it is important for them to be tested.

How to avoid Trichomoniasis

Condoms are very effective at preventing Trichomoniasis.

Regular testing each time you change sexual partner helps reduce the spread of STIs.

Where to get tested

You can get tested at a sexual health clinic or by your GP. The clinician will examine your genital area and will take a swab. This should not hurt but may be a little uncomfortable.

Questions?

No, Trichomoniasis does not affect fertility.

Test results are most accurate one to four weeks after exposure.

They will be able to tell if you have symptoms of infection but not if you don’t. However, you should tell your partner if you have Trichomoniasis as your partner will need to be tested and may need to be treated.

Trichomoniasis can be passed on to your baby during delivery, however this is rare.

Simple antibiotics are used to treat Trichomoniasis and these antibiotics are safe to use in pregnancy.

There are many causes for vaginal itching and heavier discharge. It would be good to get a full STI screen to make sure it is not an STI.