Things to consider
The IUD does not protect you from STIs. You should use a condom as well if you think you are at risk of an STI.
Some women find the procedure to insert the IUD uncomfortable or painful.
The IUD doesn’t stay in place:
An IUD has two thin threads that hang down a little way from your womb into the top of your vagina. You will be taught how to feel for the threads and check the IUD is still in place. If you can't feel the threads or if you think the IUD has moved, you may not be fully protected against pregnancy. See your doctor or nurse straight away and use extra contraception, such as condoms, until your IUD has been checked.
It is unlikely that your IUD will come out. This is most common in the first three months after insertion and happens in 1 out of 20 cases.
Most women can use the IUD, but your clinician will ask about your family and medical history to determine whether or not it is the best method for you.
It is a good alternative for women who can’t take the hormones oestrogen or progestogen.
It may not be suitable for women who have:
- Heavy periods
- Allergy to copper
- Pelvic infection
- Unexplained vaginal bleeding
Side effects & risks
May get cramps and spotting/bleeding for a few days after fitting.
Periods may become heavier or more painful, though this should settle after a few months.
Small risk of infection within 20 days of fitting.
You may have irregular bleeding for six months.